A variety of ecosystems inhabit the world under the salty waters of the sea with their distinct condition and characteristics, interconnected with each other to achieve symbiotic balance. Knowledge of these areas under the sea helps a great deal in determining the exact location of the fish you are trying to catch, and the best time to get them.
Fishes are basically all the same in terms of structure and instincts, biologically and physiologically. They usually differ in the type of water that they live in, wherein an exchange would be fatal and behavior patterns which is affected in whole by the tide. The tide may have a direct or indirect effect on most species found in saltwater, due to the differences in water levels in the shoreline.
Since the tide is governed by the gravitational pull of the moon on earth, it creates currents to flow in and out of the bays, flushing out forage, much to the delight of these hungry fishes. The tide changes everyday with two high ones and two low ones. In the US, a low tide is seen six hours after a high tide, with a lull in between. Wind also contributes to the height of the tide.
Those who fish in saltwater are familiar with the schedule of the tide, commonly found in newspapers, weather reports and tide charts, and patterns since it will greatly dictate the behavior of the fish. Forage fish hide themselves during the lull in tides wherein they get preyed upon by predatory fish when the tide starts to rise.
The tide changes every 24 hours, two high tides and two low tides.
In most U.S waters, low tide occurs about six hours after a high tide
on the previous day. At the culmination of each tide is a slack
period, where no water moves. The wind can also affect the height of a
tide. If a strong wind is blowing toward the shore simultaneous with a
flood tide, the water level will be higher than normal.
Saltwater fisherman should become familiar with tide times (which
are published in area newspapers, shown on some television weather
reports, and listed on tide charts, that are available at many tackle
shops) and patterns because they greatly influence fish behavior.
During slack periods, forage fish can seek refuge in cover. When the
tide starts moving, these fish are pulled along with the flow, where
predatory fish feed on them.