The smallmouth bass, scientifically named Micropterus dolomieu, are best caught using a fly rod. They will definitely put up a fight, with their high jumps, twists and turns, movements that occur when they get entangled in the streamers, nymphs and dry flies used to lure them. They commonly inhabit rivers and streams.
The fly rod to use under normal weather conditions is the five weight one, together with the smooth disc drag system of a reel. For windy weather conditions or when you plan to use a larger streamer, you can switch to a seven or eight weight rod. For fishing in streams of small size or shallow lake water using nymphs and dry flies, a good weight forward floating line is best to use. In deeper lake waters, a full sinking line or a line with a tip that is fast sinking can do the trick for streamers, provided that your streamer is attached to the line with a straight, two feet, fluorocarbon leader, in the ten to fifteen pound test range.
Smallmouth bass feeds on a vast assortment of organisms such as nymphs, crustaceans, mollusks, small baitfish, surface flies, frogs, and other reptiles. The best fly for this type of fish is something with a size to fit the small mouth bassís mouth, like the crayfish imitations, small streamers, wooley buggers, hex nymphs, deer hair frogs, aside from the occasional mice, grasshoppers, ants and grubs.
Fishing for small mouth bass depends on the place you choose to fish for them. They are present in the Great lakes and most lakes in the US. Smallmouth bass prefer cold water and rocky areas with structure, while some want sandy or muddy lake bottoms as long as they are hidden. They are also found in shallow weed infested areas in bays, inland lakes, large waters and rivers. As long as the temperature remains low, smallmouth bass can be caught easily in the edge of reeds since they stay there to look for prey. Another nice place to catch smallmouth bass is the shorelines with rocky bottoms. They are found where the rocks meet the waves, on inland man made lakes. Cast a crayfish imitator into the rocks and strip slowly along the bottom until you get a fish caught in your line.
Wherever you choose to fish for small mouths, with whatever choice of equipment, you will never forget this experience of catching a small mouth bass since they really put up a fight before they get caught. They engage in a spectacular display of twisting and turning just to get their freedom. They are even considered more popular than the large mouth bass in many areas. They are easy to catch, if you knew how and where to go for them. They remain widespread in many large metropolitan areas which may account for its popularity to anglers who crowd in small areas near rocks or caves to just get a glimpse of the small mouth bass that supposedly inhabits it. After you successfully catch it, you can properly release it again, to preserve their natural habitat.