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Fishing Tackle

Fishing Tackle
Weights -People who fish usually use weights or sinkers to be able to lower down their bait or lure at a deeper level than normal. There are a wide variety of sinkers, each with its own unique use, shape, and size.

Split shot A split shot sinker is a small round ball made of lead with a slit cut halfway to the middle, which needs to be pinched onto the fishing line to be able to use it. It is the most versatile of all the sinkers.

Sliding sinkers Sliding sinkers are placed on the line like beads since they have a hole right through them. There are two types of these sliding sinkers. First is the egg sinker, which is named because of its shape, and is recommended for fishing live bait. The next is the bullet sinker, which is cone like in appearance, and used for fishing with lures.

Casting or dipsey sinkers Casting or deep sea sinkers are utilized for fishing bait on the surface of the ocean floor. These sinkers are the best for use in rocky bottoms since its rounded shape allows for less snagging.

Trolling sinkers Sinkers used for trolling are attached to the fishing line with a clinch knot at each end, few feet above the lure or bait, which is to let the bait remain in deep water.

Other less common sinkers include walking sinkers There is also the walking sinker, shaped like a shallow letter L, for slowly moving live bait on the ocean floor. The grip or clinch sinker are shaped like cylinders with tabs on the end to clamp on the fishing line.

Snaps, Swivels and Snap Swivels -Snaps are tiny diaper pin like devices that simplify changing lures. Tie one to the end of your line and it's a simple matter to open up the snap, put on a plug, close the snap, and begin casting. A snap swivel is a snap that is attached to a swivel, which consists of a pair of metal line eyes that rotate freely, without kinking or torquing. The swivel absorbs the twisting motion without affecting the line. Sometimes it is necessary to use just a swivel. When fishing for toothy fish with light line, you may have to use a leader made of heavier line that the fish cant bite through.

Bobbers -A bobber or a float, is a device that attaches to a fishing line and floats on the water's surface, used to indicate a strike. A bobber is also used to put a bait on a particular depth. When a fish takes the bait, the bobber quivers, jerks or goes completely under the water. Bobbers are usually painted in two different colors. The portion of the bobber that floats above the water is usually white, making it easy to see and keep track of. The bottom part is typically red or some other contrasting color so the angler can easily determine when a fish is mouthing or taking the bait. 

The basic ball bobber is a round plastic float with recessed hooks on the top and the bottom. The angler runs the fishing line through booth hooks, which are exposed by depressing the spring loaded button on the top. Ball bobbers are good all around bobbers.

A slip bobber is a plastic or hard foam round or pear shaped float with a hole drilled through the middle. The angler runs the fishing line through the hole, and holds it in place with a tapered wooden or plastic stick inserted into the hole. One advantage of a slip bobber is the ability to fish baits very deeply. For instance, if you want to put a minnow in 10 feet of water, the bobber has to be about 9 feet from your hook and its impossible to cast with that mush line hanging down. With a slip bobber you can attach a bobber stop, a little bead, wherever you want to stop the bobber.

A pencil bobber is a long, thin float with a small hook at one end. When a fish takes the bait, the pencil stands up. Pencil bobbers are best when using small bait or when fishing for small species of fish.

Leaders -A leader is a short length of heavy fishing line or wire tied to the end of the main line on the end of the rod and reel. Leader serve one of two purposes: to prevent break offs by sharp toothed fish; or to provide a length of clear line when using braided or heavy line that certain species in certain waters would see. 

Hooks -What fishing all comes down to is the ability to be able to put a hook into a fish's mouth. A hook works by its point becoming embedded in a fish's mouth or gullet. However, it's up to the fisherman to cause this to happen and to keep it that way until the fish is in hand. A fish hook is designated by a number. The higher the number, the smaller the hook. Hooks can be long shanked or short shanked. This is also designated by a number. The correct hook size depends on the bait you're using and the fish size you're after.  

A hook's style is determined by a number of features. A weedless hook is one that features one or more thin wires that extend from the hook eye to the point. The idea is that the wires will keep weeds from snagging on the hook, but will bend inward when a fish strikes. 

A double hook has one eye and shank with two points. They are most often used when fishing in salt water with very large baits. A treble hook has one eye and shank with three points. These are most common on lures, and many lures have two or three sets of treble hooks on them.

It pays to carry a large assortment of hook sizes at all times, even if you know you're going to be fishing for just one species of one particular size range. 

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