There are several different types of fishing rods to choose from, each according to the type of fishing it caters to, such as the spinning tackle, equipment for spin casting, fly rod and reels, bait casting, and trolling. Before embarking on the mission to choose what is best for you, here are some basic tips that you should need to know about these fishing rods. The action of the rod is the point where the rod bends which is seen in the degree of taper in the rod shaft. The power or strength of a rod is how much force you need to bend the rod, which is dependent on the thickness of the shaft walls. Light, medium or heavy action rods actually refer to its power rather than its action. The ability of the rod to send vibrations from the line to the hand is what is described as the sensitivity of the rod, usually determined by its material and action. A fast action rod is described to be more sensitive as compared to a rod of the same material but with slower action.
The rod may be made out of several materials. Fiberglass rods excel in durability, costs less and is the basic rod for new anglers. Graphite rods have the better strength and sensitivity but more expense as compared to fiberglass. Boron rods just differ slightly from the graphite rods but costs more. Bamboo is also used to custom make fly rods although it needs more care since it is less durable. The length of the rod is of little consideration when choosing the basics although it will probably matter if you plan to use them for long distances or for small areas.
There are five basic rod and reel combinations:
Spinning -In spinning, the tackle is frequently used because of its versatility. It does not have a backlash and is recommended for casting extra distances. A reel with an open face, attached at the bottom of the rod permits the line to be released by a stationary spool although it might also lead to the entangling of the line behind it. There are large line guides on the rod to facilitate the ease in which lines pass through.
Spin Casting -The equipment used in spin casting is basically similar in advantage as the ones used in spinning, with a few differences. A push button mechanism is found in the reel for easy casting although when friction occurs due to its closed face design, casting distance is reduced. The reels are clamped at the top of the handle.
Fly Casting -Fly reels for fly casting primarily act as storage for the lines. The rods used are frequently long and flexible, to create a whipping action which is characteristic of fly casting that assists the angler in casting long lengths of line.
Bait Casting -The tackle used in bait casting is known for its accuracy in casting bait. Their rods are more rigid, with a modern reel design which does not backlash, since they are made for casting heavy lures and crank baits.
Trolling -The gear used for trolling are heavier that those used for bait casting although similar in advantage. The reels are strong, able to store a huge amount of line, and have a smooth drag. Since they are not used for casting, they are a bit affordable. They also do not have the problem of line tangles and twists.