A fishing lure is any inanimate object that can be used to catch
fish. Lures work by imitating the vibration, color, movement, or a
combination of the three, of something a fish would eat.
Spoons - Spoons are thin rounded pieces of metal, but
without a handle. Spoons are also called wobblers for their side to
side movement in the water when retrieved. Spoons come in two
varieties: either polished on both sides, or colored on one side and
polished on the other. Thus, the spoon reflects a lot of light, and
flashes brightly in the water when retrieved, imitating a fleeing or
distressed baitfish. Because of their density, spoons cast easily and
accurately. Spoons will catch any fish that eats minnows. Spoons cast
be cast out and retrieved or trolled behind a boat.
Spinners -A spinner is a lure of many parts. The base of a
spinner is a thin wire shaft with a loop at the front, called the
"eye", which is where the fishing line is tied. A larger
loop at the rear holds the hook, usually a treble hook. Some spinners
feature a skirt of squirrel tail hair, either natural or dyed. The
shaft features a body, which consists of colored beads, small rings,
metal cylinders, or a combination of those items, to provide weight
and attraction. Above the body is a clevis, which is a small C shaped
device, with the wire passing through both ends of the "C".
Attached to the clevis via a hole in its top is a spinner blade: a
flat, oblong shaped piece of metal, shaped much like a spoon. The
blade can be polished, metal or painted. When a spinner is retrieved,
the blade spins around the body of the spinner at a very fast rate of
speed, emitting a great amount of vibration and flash, much like a
baitfish in distress.
Plugs -"Plug" is a term that once referred to a
wooden, minnow shaped lure. Now the term is used to refer to a whole
family of lures made of hard plastic or wood that imitate all manner
of baitfish, plus frogs, crayfish, salamanders, or small rodents. Most
all plugs feature one, two. or three treble hooks.
A topwater plug is one that floats both at rest and upon
retrieval. Also called poppers or popping plugs, these imitate frogs,
mice, or wounded baitfish splashing at the surface.
A float diver plug, as its name implies, floats at rest but
dives beneath the surface when retrieved. Most float divers are minnow
shaped and feature a lip, which is a metal or plastic scoop shaped
device protruding forward from the bottom front of the lure.
A crankbait is a plug that dives relatively deep. Most float
at rest like floater divers, and most have large lips that allow them
to dive up to 20 feet. Most crankbaits exhibit a side to side wobbling
action when retrieved, which simulates a baitfish.
A stickbait or jerkbait, is a plug that has no
inherent action. The angler must impart the action to the plug when
retrieving it, by moving the rod tip side to side and up or down. Most
stickbaits float, are large, and are designed for catching large
species, such as northern pike and muskellunge.
Spinnerbaits and Buzzbaits -Also known as hairpin lure
because it faintly resembles a huge hairpin, a spinnerbait is a
wire with a loop in its middle and the arms bent into a V shape. At
the end of the top arm is a spinner blade, like the kind found on
spinners. It's attached to the arm via a swivel, which allows the
blade to rotate freely. At the end of the bottom of the hook, usually
with a lead head for weight and adorned with a skirt or some other
fish attracting device. The fishing line is tied to the loop in the
middle of the wire. Because the hook point rides up, spinnerbaits
resist snagging in weeds better than many other lures.
A buzzbait is similar to a spinnerbait except that it has a
propeller type device on the upper arm instead of the spinner blade.
The upper arm which is bent so that it's parallel to the bottom arm,
passes through the center of the flashy propeller blades, which rotate
very quickly when retrieved.
Jigs -A jig or a leadhead, is nothing more than a hook with
a ball of lead behind the eye, yet it's probably the most versatile
lure around because it can be fished in countless ways. Jig heads come
in many shapes and sizes and are meant to be fished on the bottom.
They have no inherent action, so the angler must impart movement to
one when fishing. This is typically done by lifting the rod tip in
slow, short movements while retrieving, called jigging. This makes the
jig dart and hop across the bottom, resembling a minnow, a crazy fish,
or some other bottom dwelling creature. Jigs can be fished plain or
with the addition of a natural or artificial bait. Some plastic lures
are designed specifically for jigs. Jigs will catch almost ay species
of fish in any type of water.
Plastic Lures -The largest selection of all the lures.
Plastic lures are made to imitate just about every forage available,
and come in all shapes and sizes. They can be purchased pre rigged or
plain and can be used for anything, anywhere.